Color management is a broad term referring to the process of defining the color characteristics for every device in an imaging workflow to ensure that color is accurately reproduced on the different devices. In other words, the goal is to match color and appearance between different imaging media. Color management is common in the production of still print images, image scanning, digital cameras, displays of all kinds, and online imaging. This generally involves the measurement of test targets (with either a colorimeter or a spectrophotometer, a comparison of these measurements with a reference, the creation of ICC color profiles, implementation of the color transformation in a color management module (CMM) to reproduce the image on the intended device.
The ColorWiki (what you are reading now) was initially created to describe and showcase all aspects of color management. The scope of this wiki has broadened to include all aspects of color. For further information see the links below.
For information concerning color from an aesthetic point of view, see Links to Creative sites.
For a simple analogy that aids in the understanding of color management, see The Color of Toast.
To find out more about color management, see Color Management Answers.